Afghanistan has been burning in the fires of war for the past four decades. The 20th century ended with war in Afghanistan and the 21st century began with more war in this country. The former Soviet Union maintained a military presence in Afghanistan for about 10 years. Its presence naturally resulted in death, destruction, and bloodshed of the Afghans. The same game continued when the United States and NATO arrived in this country. That local groups paved the way for this presence is also a bloody chapter that cannot be ignored.
After a long and frustrating wait, a small window of opportunity for peace has now been opened. The two warring parties have agreed to sit down to discuss how to end this tragedy. The negotiations process has raised hopes among the people. We pray that these fires of war will be extinguished, but we cannot disregard the concerns that exist in relation to this issue. All parties involved in the war are trying to gain from the peace process.
According to reports, it has been agreed that the United States and other foreign military forces will pull out of Afghanistan and Taliban will guarantee that Afghanistan will not be used again to attack the United States. However, how will these forces withdraw and how soon? In addition, in what capacity will the Taliban give such assurances to the Americans? If the Taliban guarantee that they would not cooperate with any terrorist groups against the United States, this would be both good and possible. But if a group that the United States describes as a terrorist group acts against the United States independently of the Taliban, what will Taliban responsibility be and what will the United States do? The guarantee that the United States demands from the Taliban merits a pause because Taliban are not in control of the whole of Afghanistan.
Taliban have still not agreed to hold direct talks with the government of Afghanistan, according to the most recent reports. If all parties are committed to peace, both Taliban and the government should agree to meet because peace cannot be restored in the absence of even one party to the conflict. There are three parties to the conflict. These parties – the government, Taliban, and the United States – form a triangle. It will not be a triable if one of the parties is missing.
If the peace process is harmed and negotiations halted, another similar opportunity may not arise easily. Therefore, all three parties should set their misplaced arrogance aside and stop these floods of blood.
Analyse by: Zaher Dowran